Scientific Research Into The Benefits Of Montessori Education

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The University of Virginia conducted a variety of studies on academic performance, social skills, behavioral tendencies and psychological norms of Montessori students who were five and twelve years of age. They then did comparable research on non-Montessori school children of the same ages. The study was recently published in the academic journal Science by Dr Angeline Lillard, one of the universitys professors of psychology at their Charlottesville campus. The results of the study lead to surprising headlines on mainstream media sources such as the Guardian in the United Kingdom and CBS in the United States.

In brief, the Montessori Method was developed over nearly four decades by the education and psychology specialist Maria Montessori. Her research and implementation of what is now the Montessori Method started at the beginning of the 20th century and has continued to be implemented in its purist forms and in other cases contextually adapted to meet social and cultural norms. The core principles stay the same regardless of contextualization though. First and foremost, the student is provided a safe and stimulating environment where they are granted the authority to follow their natural instinct to gravitate towards wanting to learn. Teachers guide students through the self-directed learning process and play the role as the facilitator and observer more so than the traditional teacher model. Sharing, fairness and inter-age socialization are encouraged while the system downplays the need for competition and stress in the classroom. Testing and grading is not a standard within the original methodology, but in countries such as the United States, children do complete the national standard exams. The culture of a Montessori school is sharply different than non-Montessori schools but the goal of educating the students is the same. But which is more effective?

Researchers from The University of Virginia found that the five year olds at Montessori schools had better math and reading skills and tested better than those pupils at public and non-Montessori private schools. Even without regular testing (as in public schools), the Montessori students were able to spell, utilize grammar and execute punctuation better. Their socialization and problem solving skills were vastly more developed over their counterparts as well.

Although Montessori twelve year olds scored similarly in math and reading skills on examinations, those who were observed and tested were significantly more creative and sophisticated with their writing skills. But due to the inter-age interaction and methodology of the Montessori school system, children demonstrated a more secure sense of self, and scored much higher on social and behavioral tests.

The research suggests that the Montessori Method is in fact the better education system, but Dr. Lillards main conclusion is that she is looking forward to further researching the topic nationally and potentially internationally to come up with more conclusive evidence.

Green Education For Green Profession

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Energy costs are on the rise and shall continue to rise in the future too. A better understanding of ways to improve indoor air quality, energy conservation, lighting efficiency, water conservation, reuse and recycling is required for a greener and healthier environment. This will help in making the atmosphere eco-friendly and will also make households and businesses energy efficient; thereby helping to save the depleting resources.

In order to create eco-friendly buildings and houses, one must possess green certification for building projects, construction processes, etc. The green building environmental certification program brings together consumers and certified building practitioners who have proper knowledge about green building techniques. The objective of a green certification program is to spread awareness in an eco-friendly manner that supports social and economic sustainability. The basic goal of green certification is to:

Elevate standards of organizations through energy efficient designs.

Enhancing capabilities of professionals and organizations to deliver energy efficient, sustainable building design and development technologies.

Consumer health protection through increased public awareness, green knowledge and access to information about design and building practitioners.

Enabling public and private sector officials to use Green Certification as a prerequisite or screening device during the contract bidding process.

Today, consumers are becoming more aware about the environmental issues affecting their households, businesses and lifestyles. And therefore they are choosing green consultants, interior designers, architects, and builders to incorporate sustainability into their households and businesses to also reduce energy depletion in the civilization and nature.

Green Certification and training aims to lower overhead costs through reusability, energy conservation and recycling. Adopting green is becoming a necessity as corporations and home builders, retailers, health care institutions, and others are going green for a better working environment. The benefits of green certification are countless including reduced energy dependence, fewer power plants, fresh air, clean water, healthier environment, increased sustainability, improved public health, decreased vulnerability to disasters, etc.

Green education and training makes it crucial to understand sustainable strategies, conservation of energy, air, water, soil and other natural resources so as to implement green strategies in an organization. One can pursue certification courses like certified green designer, certified green specialist and certified IAQ specialist. With these specially tailored green educational programs one can have comprehensive and reliable information regarding indoor air quality, energy conservation, lighting efficiency, water conservation, recycling etc. This allows professionals to make a careful selection of healthy and eco-friendly materials, products and strategies for going green.

About The Author:

Author, Tina Chaphe is the founder of the National Association of Green Designers and the National Association of Green Specialists. BecomingGreen.Inc. is the training entity for those two associations and was founded and fueled by the desire to have quality green training in the design community. They have newsletters, news articles, Governmental and Regulatory updates, and blogs from leading researchers that will keep members abreast of breakthroughs in the Green industry.

Choosing to Study Abroad

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Most students know someone who’s gone oversees to study abroad but most have never considered the option for themselves. There are many advantages to spending a semester in another country, but is this right for you or your child? First and foremost, what is study abroad? The basic premise is to travel to another country and continue normal studies while also learning about the country’s culture, history and language. Students who study abroad must normally have a certain amount of school credit hours to qualify for the opportunity; must be willing to be gone for either a semester, summer or year; and must typically pay their own way unless they’re on scholarship. Before deciding to take this journey, both students and parents are interested in hearing the advantages of this option. So what are they?

One major benefit in most people’s minds is the opportunity to experience a different culture for a short period of time. The student will have the chance to become accustomed to new foods, arts, music, history, political systems and holidays. Another plus is if you decide to travel to a country whose national language you’ve studied, you’ll be able to gain first-hand experience putting that language to use. The best way to become fluent in a language is to put it into practice; what better way to do that than to rehearse it in its natural environment? Having this kind of practice with a foreign language can look very good to a perspective college, grad school and even to future jobs.

The ultimate way to ensure you’re choosing the right plan is to be absolutely comfortable with the overall idea. If you don’t like leaving home for a couple of days, odds are high that adjusting to studying abroad would take some time. It’s critical to weigh your options. Obviously it’s natural to fear becoming homesick, but most students who’ve chosen to study abroad find that they’re so busy participating in amazing new opportunities that the time flies by and home is a faraway thought.

If you’ve weighed your options and decided the journey will benefit you, be sure to check out your options as far as programs go. Most high schools and colleges offer their own programs, but if you choose to go another route or if you’re home schooled then you’ll want to do plenty of Internet research. Terra Education is one option for those wishing to participate in a high school study abroad program. Regardless of which choice you go with, remember that you’re experiencing a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity and you should take full advantage of it. Put yourself out there and gain as much as you can from from the experience. Safe travels!

Where To Find Free, Printable Bible Study Lessons Online

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Today, many Bible study groups are looking for ways to make their sessions more effective. Most of us realize how important it is to make time for our fellowship, yet life can quickly become an obstacle at times. In order to make the most of this devotion time, it is very helpful to become more organized and locate resources to make our time most productive.

Did you know that there are many great online resources? One, reputable source offers a wide selection of free, printable Bible study lessons. Additional materials are available for a very low cost and enable users to quickly prepare and organize study topics for optimal Bible study sessions. This is a wonderful resource if you require some ideas for useful areas of study.

If youre looking for curriculum as an individual wishing to study the Bible, than this offering is a perfect fit for your needs. From adult to teen and even the Sunday school crowd, there are excellent free printable Bible study lessons available if you know where to look.

1. www.creativeBiblestudy.com: This site features free printable Bible study lessons with group discussions, curriculum for personal use, and youth study groups. Perfect for all ages, this online resource provides great ideas for Sunday school crafts and adult or teen free printable Bible study lessons.

2.www.Bible-ebooks.com/angels.htm: This interesting e-book features wonderful and free lessons and reading materials on Angels. Complete with reading assignments, questions, and more to reinforce your learning.

3.www.Bible-ebooks.com/isaiah/table.html: This site features free printable Bible study lessons on the book of Isaiah. The comprehensive course is designed for teachers, study groups, individuals, and others interested in learning more from the Bible.

4.www.keepandshare.com/htm/Bible_study/free_Bible_study_lessons.php: Create a web-based share site for your Bible study group. Load it up with free printable Bible study lessons and so much more. Get everyone in your group involved in teaching and researching with this helpful tool. Each member can easily post information as it is completed. You will now have a complete archive for your group discussions, questions, files, and more by modernizing your communication methods.

5.: Join an online interactive Bible course that is open to everyone and contains structured teachings that will bring you closer to God. Experience free, printable Bible study lessons that contain reading assignments, Bible references, and quizzes to verify your progress along the way. All teachings may be read online or printed for reading away from your computer.

Law in UK, its evolution and study.

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A combination of rules and regulations that creates an ambience of safety security, justice and equality in a civilized world is called a Law. Law brings about a transformation in the society and a change in people.

The process of teaching and training young learning minds the basics and intricacies of law and order and enabling them to practice it is called Legal Education. To learn Law and legal systems, people apply for admission to law colleges and law universities, study in-depth about the subject and then practice in real life.

These days many students go to study Law in UK. There are many Law colleges in UK which provide studies in UK and International Law. The reason why many prefer to study Law in UK is because of their similarity with Indian Law. This way one who studies law from a good Law College in UK can understand Indian Law also very well. Law Universities in U.K teach prospective lawyers the basics of law at the undergraduate level. After they graduate from the college, they are made to achieve distinction in a bar exam. Once that is done, they are given a certificate and then become eligible for practice.

There is an examination called the Common Professional examination that students must pass with good marks in order to set the ball rolling to practice Law in UK. Law practice tests are a good source to hone your skills before appearing in the exam. Like mentioned earlier, they can finish the process of learning law in the undergraduate level itself. It also possible to study Legal Education by earning a diploma in a Law college in the UK or a Law University in the UK. After the degree is earned, vocational courses is completed by students to finally finish their process.

“Education of Lawyers” is the top most body and the governing council for legal education in the U.S. “Juris Doctor” or “Doctor of jurisprudence” is the official law enabling practice degree that is given by law colleges and law universities to students. After this, he has to do a variety of law practice tests to attend a bar exam and pass in it effectively. After a prospective lawyer passes the bar exam, he is given an official license and officially becomes an Attorney of Law. Now he has the option to practice independently or join a law firm.

Why Play is Valuable for a Child in Early Childhood Education

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The Oxford dictionary describes play as: to fulfill, to occupy oneself, to have the ability to perform, to undertake or exercise activities for pleasure.

Not any particular child, but every child in any nation, environment or circumstance needs play. It’s absolutely necessary for children to play, to express themselves social, emotionally and physically. Play allows itself to be an individual creation or to be shared with others, it can be pulled in any direction letting it be turned into anything a child would like, preparing a healthy start to a lifetime of learning. Play is so special that its generosity even includes having fun; in fact that is one of the most important things about it. It has so many benefits that head off in every direction developing all the important ingredients for strong head start in a child life.

It is the adults job to explore the conditions which are best for maximizing the potential benefits of play for children to develop these social skills. One of the ways to do this is to provide and encourage games that are fun, exciting and positive for children. Many social skills are learnt through co-operative activities allowing the child to learn how to confidently form stronger friendships and relationships with siblings and parents.

Activities that involve interacting with others teach children not only about themselves but also about other childrens feeling needs and wants. Since they have learnt to value others’ emotions they develop skills to handle confrontations and conflicts in the future.

It’s also important for a child to develop physical strengths along with the social and emotional. Play has a huge impact in this development for children of varying ages, abilities and interests. Physical play strengthens a child’s fine motor skills as well as gross motor skills. Fine motor skills include such things as eye, mouth, wrist, finger and toe movements, whereas motor skills are the exercise of the larger muscle groups like the arms, legs and torso. This motor play provides critical opportunities for childrens overall strengthening of muscles, nerves and brain stimulation.

Play involves social, emotional, and physical learning. Included in all these types of learning comes cognitive development, an important result of play. Play gives children the opportunity to understand the world, interact with others in social ways and to express and control emotions. Play is a child’s opportunity to practice the skills they are building, and to try out new tasks. This gives them the framework and knowledge to solve more complex problems. All these things are needed for a child to get a healthy start in life. But the most important part of play is having fun. Play and fun are inseparable from each other. Without play, fun doesnt exist and without fun play cant exist.

For more information on early childhood education and the effect of good childcare on a child’s development check out my section on kindergarten and kindercare at our website.

Why it matters for students to study Cambridge English and take their IELTS Exam

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Why it matters for students to study Cambridge English and take their IELTS Exam

Some students may not realise it, but what they learn in school doesn’t just affect them for the time they are in the classroom. It also allows them to excel in their training for their future careers. It also allows them to better their English, in an attempt to communicate in a tongue that may be foreign to them.

While some may say the International English Language Test has undergone some changes that make it the best test, it still may be hard for students to master reading, understanding and writing an essay in English. However, this is a requirement of the IELTS exam. Unlike many other exams that assign a score, the IELTS exam assigns no score. Students instead receive bars that represent their skill mastery of the language. For many, an International English Language Test is not only about learning skills in order to be a great businessman. For many, it is learning how to survive in their own country and better themselves by learning a second or third language with their determination to master Cambridge English and the IELTS exam.

Important things to know about Cambridge English exams or International English Language Test

What should students know in order to better their Cambridge English or perform better on an International English Language Test? For many students, the most important skill they could learn is paraphrasing. Why is this important in an International English Language Test or IELTS testing? Learning to understand what is paraphrased can help students learn how to understand written Cambridge English better and quickly. This may also help them to increase their score on an International English Language Test. This is why paraphrasing may be one of the most important skills.

When coupled with good listening and reading skills, students have a better opportunity of earning a higher learning score. This may also benefit them greatly if they plan to enter into international business or take a job where international communication is extremely important. This is why students benefit from taking both a course in Cambridge English and the International English Language Test.

Modern Family Review Education & Growth

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I always think one of the most appealing things of The United States is that US parents are far more open in education. Instead of just talking to their children unilaterally, they pay more attention to the conversation between they and their children.

It isn’t just for fun to watch US TV shows. Sometimes it is like a kind of experience. Placing myself into the episodes, and feeling some of their education and inspiration that I have never had. Maybe it could make up some of the deficiency in my childhood. But just maybe…

Like other situation comedies, Modern Family can not escape from common family routine such as trivial home matters, couples conflicts, children growing problems and discords between daughter and stepmother. And although there are fights and conflicts, but every one in the big family loves each other, that the final ending of every episode is always happy.

Even if the editors keep creating topics, making up scenarios, we can always see through these pieces of facts the American educational culture and daily life. And I am always touched by the episodes and can’t help thinking how it could be if my parents had treated me like these…

Little Manny ridiculed by his classmates at school. His old stepfather knew that himself was not good at persuasion, so he called his son Mitchell to see meteor showers with him and Manny and try to persuade Manny by the way. Although teased by Manny, Mitchell sat down and told Manny that he had also been ridiculed by others as a child. Sometimes it is very strange that we hated to be isolated at childhood, but almost over one night, suddenly every one wanted to be different. Mitchell did not pretend to be profound, but said the homely words. This really deserves further thought.

I remember in one episode of Friends, Phoebe said that he doesn’t believe Darwin’s evolution theory. As a paleontologist, Ross felt that he had to persuade Phoebe. But Phoebe said, however, I know the theory of evolution makes sense, but why do I have to believe? Even if there is so much evidence and so many people who believe in it, but is it certainly right? Then Ross scratched his head, didn’t speak any longer, and packed up and left. I think this conveys determination of anti-authority and not blindly following the majority. Althouth this power is quite small and no body support it, but I still stick to my opinion.

Study meterial

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Study Finds Popular Cholesterol Drugs Vytorin, Zetia Not Effective

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A recent study appearing in the New England Journal of Medicine has questioned the effectiveness of the popular cholesterol medication, Vytorin and its sister drug Zetia. Vytorin, a combination of Zetia and the generic drug Zocor, is the second most profitable pharmaceutical manufactured by Merck & Co. The Securities and Exchange Commission reports that sales of Vytorin and Zetia have raked in an astonishing $21 billion worldwide since 2003.

Although ezetimibe, the active ingredient in Vytorin and Zetia, has been shown to reduce cholesterol slightly, its ability to unclog coronary arteries is less than that of niacin, a cheap B vitamin, often available over the counter, according to the article. Additionally, Vytorin and Zetia competitors have been shown to prevent heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular diseases at a less expensive price tag, whereas Zetia and Vytorin have not been proven to do either, according to the study. In contrast to Lipitor, Zocor and other statin-type drugs which block cholesterol production in the Liver, Zetia prevents cholesterol absorption in the intestines. The difference between how the drugs reduce cholesterol has helped Zetia’s popularity, despite the fact its effectiveness has been questioned. Many patients have been prescribed Vytorin as an alternative to the unconfortable side effects of Niacin and other statins’ including liver problems.

This is the third study in the last two years that has cast doubt on the effectiveness of the pharmaceutical giant. Additionally, in August 2009, Merck and Schering-Plough agreed to pay $41.5 million to settle class-action lawsuits accusing the companies of withholding unfavorable information about the drugs. Due to their recent merge in Nov. 2009, both companies are responsible for the lawsuit. Vytorin has been linked to potentially harmful side effects, including a high rate of cancer deaths, according to a controversial study released in 2008.

These studies also question whether the Food and Drug Administration prematurely approved the drugs without requiring additional studies that illustrate the drugs’ effectiveness or ability to prevent heart attacks. Merck waited three years before starting a research study to examine the effect on heart attack rates among Zetia and Vytorin patients.

Additional studies will be conducted to further examine the effectiveness of the drugs, including heart attack prevention; however results are not expected to be available until at least 2012. Leading cardiologists have advised patients to use cholesterol drugs like Zetia and Vytorin only if his or her cholesterol levels have not improved with the use of other medications and life-style changes. Oftentimes, patients pursue a Vytorin lawsuit to seek monetary compensation to cover medical treatments due to cardiovascular complications.